Note: The phrases and terms addressed in the footnotes of the script provided will not be addressed.

Work Cited: each term is linked to the website that helped me define it.



Ancient Greek References:

 Colchis – is Medea’s homeland.

Argonauts – are the men that sailed with Jason to Colchis.

Corinthia – is the region governed by Creon, the father of Jason’s new wife.

Polyphemus – is a Cyclops, Poseidon’s son, and a character in Homer’s Odyssey. His name means “famous”.


German References:

Straussberg – could refer to one of two cities.  Either Strasberg, Germany, which inhabits the Eastern half of the country, or most likely Strasbourg, France, which is on the border of Germany and suffered very much in WWII.

Mauser – was a German firearms manufacturer from the 1870s to 1995.  In addition to being designed for the German armed forces, their products were especially popular with civilians.

Schnaps – is different from American “Schnapps”.  It is colorless and is made from fruit as opposed to grain, but the term can refer to any strong alcoholic drink.  The word “schnaps” literally means “swallow” in German.

Fromm’s Act – is the 1916 invention of Julius Fromm.  A Jewish German, Fromm reinvented the condom.  From what was a thick, severely uncomfortable rubber tube, he developed a thin, transparent latex condom that improved the sensation.

Pop Culture References:

Boatia – is unclear.  The only near legitimate association available are “botia” loaches, which is supported by the following text about the sea.  These fish have extremely sharp spines by their eyes that protrude when the fish feels threatened.

Yugoslav – refers to the people of Yugoslavia, which is a region that has been established and torn apart multiple times.  First, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (est. 1918) was invaded by the Axis Powers in WWII and abolished after the war.  Second, in 1943 the region was reestablished as the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia.  Then in 1946 when it became communist was renamed to Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia.  Finally, in 1963 it was yet again renamed to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.  This reference holds even more weight now, than when Müller finished this piece because from 1991 to 2001, the territory endured the Yugoslav wars and in 2003 was renamed Serbia and Montenegro.

Nero – was the emperor of Rome from 54-68 AD.  While in power, Nero improved cultural life in the Roman Empire and commissioned the building of many theatres.  In 64 AD, the Great Fire of Rome destroyed much of the city.  It was commonly believed by the inhabitants that Nero himself had started it in order to clear land for a new palace.  He is also believed to have executed his mother and poisoned his brother.  In 68, he committed suicide when threatened with assassination.  His legacy is often remembered as tyrannical and gaudy.

Fritz Lang – or the “Master of Darkness”, was the Austrian-American filmmaker and pioneer of Expressionism who created Metropolis.

Boris Karloff – was an English actor who is most famous for his depiction of the monster in Frankenstein and The Bride of Frankenstein.


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